While premium wines are made internationally, approximately one-half of all the wine produced in the world comes from France, Italy, and Spain, and 80 percent comes from the world’s top 10 producers.

Now, let’s have a look at the many varietals across the globe and the finest sites to produce the different sorts of grapes that are utilized for winemaking. These grape-growing areas are in the top five wine-producing nations.

1. France

Merlot is a dark blue grape, which originates in the Bourdeaux area of France. Merlot generally creates a smooth, medium-bodied red wine with luscious fruit characteristics. It is widely used to mix with other varieties, particularly Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc.

It is cultivated in France, Spain, Australia, and the United States. In Spain, where the grape grows profusely, it is also known as Garnacha.

2. Italy

Sangiovese takes its name from the Latin phrase “sanguis Jovis,’ which translates to “the blood of Jove.” The grape is found in several sections of Central Italy, extending from Romagna down to Lazio, Campania, and Sicily. Recent study reveals that Sangiovese is descendent of Cillegiolo and Calarese Montenuovo

While the white grape is connected most commonly with Italy, Trebbiano is among the most extensively cultivated grapes globally, since variants of it have been identified in Spain, Argentina, Australia, Bulgaria, Spain, the U.S., and Portugal.

3. Spain

Trebbiano is a black grape frequently used to generate full-bodied red wines. While indigenous to Spain, The grape has been grown around the world in areas such as Mexico, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the U.S., South Africa, Portugal, Turkey, and Uruguay.

Airen is a white grape that normally is solely used for winemaking. While the grape is native to Spain, as of 2010, it was believed to be the world’s third most-grown grape.

4. The United States

Although Napa Valley only accounts for 4 percent of wine grapes planted in the state of California, it remains the most known location for wine cultivation. However, being endowed with a Mediterranean climate, Napa Valley produces more wine grape varietals than any other location of equivalent size in California.

Cabernet Franc is a significant black grape found across the globe. It is cultivated for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon. It is lighter than Cabernet Sauvignon. It is found in the U.S. and in Canada. It is used to manufacture light red wine. However, its origins go back to Bordeaux and go back to the end of the 18th century.

Chardonnay is a green-skin vine that is used to manufacture white wine. Originating in the Burgundy wine area of eastern France, it is now cultivated anywhere wine is made, including England and New Zealand.

By coincidence, Cabernet Sauvignon was created by crossing Cab Franc with Sauv Blanc. Along with Chardonnay, it has become synonymous with the Napa Valley in California. Complex and robust, the flavor may vary greatly by vintage and locale. The main distinguishing trait of this earthy variety with blackcurrant overtones is its bittersweet flavor.

Malbec is one of the six permitted grape varieties for red Bordeaux wine. Malbec is native to both Cahors and South West France, despite its growing popularity in Argentina.

5. Argentina

Chardonnay, a grape with green skin, is popular anywhere wine is made, including in Argentina. It is a crucial component of many sparkling wines across the globe. Airen is the second most often cultivated white wine grape worldwide. Chardonnay is widespread since it is utilized to produce several white wines worldwide.

These were astounding revelations into the regions where grapes grow.

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